music and dance

music and dance

India is known as the land of vibrant culture, tradition, music and dances. The highlights Indian society ought to be its history, religion and folk songs and dance. The ancient tradition and customs of the state are deep rooted primarily in folklores and mythology. Dances, songs and expressions are a show for the firm religious obligations of the individuals with diversity. The rich and diverse culture and traditions of India is recognised by the entire world. Indian dance and music have played a significant role in this unification. India has a glorious heritage of classical and folk dance and music.

Music is one of the most important part of Indian culture. Music in India began as an integral part of socio-religious life since Vadic Period. The Indian music includes various diversity including folk music, Qawwali, Indian classical music and Ghazals. 
Indian classical music are divided into the two types of schools like Carnatic Music and Hindustani Music.  The main traditions of classical music are Hindustani music, performed in the northern, eastern and central regions and Carnatic music, performed predominantly in the peninsular regions. These two forms of music are used on the Indian Classical music, either instrumental or vocal.

Hindustani Music

The tradition of the Indian classical Hindustani music is very rich and versatile. The Gharanas have their basis in the traditional mode of musical training and education, the mail component of Hindustani classical music are Raag and Taal. Every Gharana has its significant features. Some of the Classical genres are Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khayal, Tappa and Thumri. Apart from thisand there are also several semi-classical forms.

Folk Music

Folk music is known as the music of the masses, which is rooted with the customs and traditions of the society. It is the true rhythm of Indian society. The significant folk song associated with it every event of life such as childbirth, marriage, day to day life, seasons, nature and many more. Folk music has been defined as music transmitted orally, or as music with unknown composers.

Indian Musical Instruments

From ancient time musical Instruments are the unified part of Indian Classical and folk music including Hindustani and Carnatic Music. The most commonly used Instruments in Hindustani classical music are the sarod, sitar, sahnai, tambura, tabla and sarangi and in Karnatak classical music include the vina, kanjira, violin and mrdangam  Apart from this bamboo flutes is common to both traditions as well as many other genres of Indian music.

The land of diversities and rich cultural heritage, India is also known for its unique folk and classical dances such as Kathakali, Bharatnatyam, Manipuri, Odissi Kathak, and Kuchipudi. The Indian dances are mainly divided into Classical dances and folk dances.
Most of the classical or folk dances are related with folklore, great epic such as Mahabarata and Ramayana etc. Apart from classical dances, every region of India has their own significant flock dance forms which reflects the diversity of the rich culture and tradition of the nation. 

Indian folk dances

India is widely rich for its diverse and integrated culture and traditions. India has great ancient tradition of folk music and dances. Most of the dance are diverse in all spheres, which makes Indian culture unique itself. Folk and tribal dances are the important part of Indian society which are usually performed to express the joy and celebrate the festivals of daily life, food-gathering, rites, harvesting, rituals and beliefs. Significant flock dance forms are reflects the diversity of the rich culture and tradition of the nation. Some of the popular folk dances are Bhangra, Charkula, Ghoomar, Rangoli Bihu, Purulia Chhau, Kalbelia, Dandiya, Raas, Garba, Tippani, Lavni, Nicobarese, Bihu etc.

Indian Classical Dances

India has thousands of years ancient tradition of music and dances and few dance forms that derived and grow in India. The most renowned Indian classical dance styles are Kathakali and Mohiniattam of Kerala, Bharatnatyam of Tamil Nadu, Odissi of Orissa, Kuchipudi of Andhra Pradesh Kathak of Uttar Pradesh, and Manipuri of Manipur. Indian classical dances expressions are a show for the firm religious obligations of the individuals with diversity. During the dances the dancers use usually the same mudras or signs of hand as a common language of expression and were originally performed in the temples.

Carnatic Music

Carnatic Music is South Indian classical music form and believed that was originated in Karnataka. Carnatic music has a rich history and tradition that can be traced during 15th - 16th centuries and thereafter. It developed in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

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